By: Clive Hilton (The Open University, Faculty of Mathematics, Computing and Technology, Department of Design, Development, Environment and Materials)
Duration: 15 mins
Published on: Monday 8th April 2013
Gothic Revival was one of the most influential design styles of the 19th century. Revivalists adhered to the romantic notion that stuff could and should look more meaningful, with designs based on forms and patterns used in the Middle Ages.
Arts and Crafts
This influential design movement began because people got fed up with machines. The Arts and Crafts movement promoted economic and social reform, sticking up for ordinary workers and craftspeople.
Bauhaus was a totally different type of art school, training students in many art and design disciplines, with the ultimate aim of unifying art, craft, and technology.
Modernism was a far-reaching ideology applied across virtually all forms of creative expression. The general rule was that function should always dictate form. The approach celebrated mankind’s intelligence, creativity and radical thinking, even if it sometimes verged on the absurd.
American Industrial Design
From the ashes of the Great Depression, American Industrial Designers brought us the age of mass consumption with their “utilitarian art”: sleek, sophisticated and beautiful objects that everyone wanted to own.
Less is a bore! More than just an artistic style, Postmodernism was a mindset, a way of rejecting how we understand our world. Because the Postmodernists refused to see things as one thing or another, this blurring of boundaries had the power to bring about great social change.